Times and became horizons that had to be rejected outright. When countries were shaken from the horror of repression, In Mexico, a group of exiled Argentines published important reflections on these issues in the journal Controversia , perhaps the only systematic exile publication of the time. In 1979, Héctor Schmucler (founder of the Industry Email List magazine Los Libros in the 1960s), wrote an article in Controversia entitled "Human Rights Today" in which he stated that the defeat they had suffered "is not only the consequence of thesuperiority of the enemy but of our inability to value it, of the overvaluation of our forces, of our way of understanding the country, of our conception of politics.
Away from party politics and from their country of origin, the intellectuals were preparing to revise their youthful political ideas. In Argentina, the group of intellectuals gathered around the Punto de Vista magazine , founded by Beatriz Sarlo, Carlos Altamirano and Ricardo Piglia in 1978, began to thematize the theme of defeat in similar terms. Already in democracy, Beatriz Sarlo wrote an emblematic essay in that magazine, Intellectuals, split or mimesis? , where she highlighted the theme of the failure of the idea of revolution and the reckoning with the violent past of the left, to which she and her companions had belonged.
The relationship between these two magazines was so fluid during the last years of the dictatorship that when the Argentines of Controversiareturned to the country once the transition began, two of its members, José Aricó and Juan Carlos Portantiero, joined the editorial board of Punto de Vista . The flip side of the new rejection of violence and authoritarianism was the revaluation of republican democracy and, with it, the vindication of certain values stemming from liberalism. The new binomial of the eighties was consolidated: if before the «liberation versus dependency» formula had prevailed, now the main dichotomy was reflected in th.